Painter at first of portraits, later mainly of landscape and rustic genre. Born 5 January 1851 in Warrington, Lancashire, son of a designer, in whose office he began working at the age of fourteen; studied at Heatherley’s School, at the R.A. Schools from 1872 and in Paris at the Académie Julian, where he was influenced by the plein-air movement. Exhibited at the R.A. 1875–1906, also at the New Gallery, Grosvenor Gallery and at the Paris Salon 1897–1905. Member of the N.E.A.C. 1886–7 and continued to exhibit there until the end of his life. Awarded a Silver Medal at the Paris International Exhibition 1889. Visited Italy 1891 and 1905. Lived in Chelsea until 1896, then settled in East Ashling, near Chichester, Sussex. Died while on a visit to Wales 27 August 1906 at Llandyrnog, Denbighshire. Memorial exhibition at the Leicester Galleries 1907.
Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, I